The Robinson Family

Catharine (Robinson) Andrews

Baptism: 26 May 1793, in All Saints, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England

Father: Henry Robinson

Mother: Ann (Carpendale) Robinson

Married: John Andrews on 20 May 1816 in in All Saints, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England
John Andrews junr. is recorded as a bachelor, resident in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. Catharine Robinson is recorded as a spinster, resident in Winthorpe. The marriage was performed by W. Bowerbank, curate pro tem, and witnessed by Mary Andrews, Eliza Robinson, Henry Robinson and Catherine Mary Bowerbank.

John was a mercer and draper. He was educated at the Free Grammar School in Mansfield, whose headmaster was William Bowerbank, his future wife's uncle.

London Gazette 16 January 1846 p184
    Mansfield.—Assignment for the benefit of Creditors.
NOTICE is hereby given that John Andrews, of Mansfield, in the county of Nottingham, Draper, hath by indenture, dated the 10th day of January instant, assigned all his real and personal estates unto John Kitching, of Mansfield aforesaid, Banker's Clerk, and John Howell, of the firm of Ellis, Everrington, and Co. of Saint Paul's Church-yard, London, in trust, for the equal benefit of such of the creditors of the said John Andrews who shall, within one calendar month from the date of the said indenture, by themselves or their agents, duly execute the same; which said indenture, as to the execution thereof by the said John Andrews and John Kitching, is witnessed by John Marsh, of Mansfield aforesaid, Gentleman ; and as to the execution thereof by the said John Howell, the said indenture is witnessed by Thomas Parker, of No. 18, Saint Paul's Church-yard, in the city of London, Solicitor, and is deposited at the offices of Messrs. G. and T. Walkden, in Mansfield, for the perusal and signatures of the creditors.—Dated this 10th day of January 1846.


Death: 1817, at Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, England

Buried: 19 March 1817, at St Wilfrid, Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England
Catharina Andrews is recorded as aged 24, resident in Mansfield.


Eliza Robinson

Baptism: 18 August 1799, in All Saints, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England
Eliza was received into the church, in January 1800.

Father: Henry Robinson

Mother: Ann (Carpendale) Robinson

Notes: Eliza is mentioned in the will of her father, dated 1 November 1824.


Henry Robinson

Birth: 1755/6

Baptism: 17 January 1756, in Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England

Father: Henry Robinson

Mother: Mary (Boot) Robinson

Married: Ann Carpendale on 17 April 1786 in St Mary, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England
Henry is recorded as being of Winthorpe co Nott

Children: Occupation: Schoolteacher, and later a farmer

Winthorpe School House 1807
Bartholomew Howlett's engraving of Views in Winthorpe in 1807 shows the School House at that time in possession of Henry Robinson
engraving reproduced at Winthorpe Village Community Website
Henry taught, and probably also lived, at the "School House", on the estate of Roger Pocklington. This house, at the junction of Holme Lane and Gainsborough Road, was one of the subjects of Bartholomew Howlett's engravings of "Views in Winthorpe" in 1807. Henry was still occupying the School House in 1810 when Roger Pocklington's estate was put up for lease.
Nottingham Journal 31 March 1810 p2
    TO BE LET,
And entered upon on the 6th Day of April next (if not previously sold),
THE following valuable and Tythe-Free Estates, situate at Winthorpe and Balderton, in the County of Nottingham, viz.
    In Winthorpe.
  An Estate at Winthorpe; comprising an excellent Dwelling House, called the GROVE HOUSE, with convenient Offices, Coach House, Stables, and other Outbuildings and Gardens, well adapted for the Residence of. a genteel Family. The whole is surrounded by Plantations, and was lately in the Occupation of Major Pocklington.
  Also a House and Homestead, in the Possession of Edmund Horner; and a Cottage, in the Possession of Joseph Mayfield.
  Also a Messuage, used for and called the SCHOOL HOUSE, with a Yard and Outbuildings thereto belonging, in the Possession of Mr. Henry Robinson.
  Also several Parcels of rich Arable and Pasture Land, containing about 228 Acres.
  Winthorpe adjoins the Turnpike Road leading from Newark to Gainsburgh, and is within two Miles of the former Place.
    In Balderton.
  About 140 Acres of excellent Arable, Meadow, and Pasture Land: the latter Village is situate about two Miles from Newark, and adjoins the Turnpike Road leading from London to York.
  ☞All necessary Information may be had at the End of ten Days from this Date, of Mr. JAMES GREEN, Surveyor, Lenton Abbey, near Nottingham ; and such Persons as may be desirous of treating for the Occupation of the Premises above mentioned, or any Part thereof, are requested to address their Proposals in Writing to the said Mr. Green.
  15th March, 1810.

1783 Great Meteor etching by Henry Robinson
Henry Robinson's mezzotint of the 1783 Great Meteor
Henry is remembered by history in a small way for his mezzotint (with some etching) of the Great Meteor of 18th August 1783. The text accompanying the print reads:
An accurate Representation of the Meteor which was seen on Augt 18th 1783._At first it appeared as one Ball of Fire, but, in a few Seconds, broke into many small ones. It's Course was from N.W. to S.E._This extraordinary Phenomenon was that Species of Meteor which the great Phisiologist DrWoodward and other call the Draco volans or Flying Dragon_The above View was taken at Winthorpe near Newark upon Trent, by Henry Robinson, Schoolmaster,_and Published by him as the Act directs, 24 Octr 1783_This Plate is inscribed to Roger Pocklington Esqr by his much obliged humble Servant, Henry Robinson 

Henry's etching is referred to "The Great Meteor of 18th August 1783" by M. Beech in Journal of the British Astronomical Association vol.99, no.3, p.130-134 (1989):
As many of the eye-witness accounts have stated, the first sight of this magnificent meteor was a startling experience; this is clearly shown on the expression of the unidentified figure in the lower right hand corner. That the meteor was very bright is also clear from the highlighting of the cottage and trees to the left and the clouds and brickwork to the right of the composition. While Robinson notes that the meteor first appeared round, he has drawn it at the later stage when a tail was well developed. Here it is clear that many fragments have broken off the leading body. The ‘wiggley’ shape of their tails suggest that they flickered, this being in contrast to the straight trails (and short-lived trains) left by the lesser shooting stars. No evidence of a residual train is apparent. Robinson's etching is both pleasing and dramatic, and gives a clear idea of how spectacular this meteor must have appeared when seen from the quiet of rural England.  

It is not known how many copies of the etching were produced, but Beech points out that by 1863, it is already described as a "somewhat scarce engraving". The only copies that I can locate today are the mezzotint held in the British Museums and one in the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford, although a similar, but not identical, watercolor drawing with nearly identical text below is held in the Royal Astronomical Society Library, London, and is reproduced in Fire in the Sky: Comets and Meteors, the Decisive Centuries, in British Art and Science p67 (Roberta J. M. Olson, Jay M. Pasachoff, 1999).

Although it is not stated, it seems possible that the figure in the etching is a self-portrait of Henry viewing the event, and also that the house depicted may have been his dwelling. Certainly it would be representative of Winthorpe at the time.

Henry later returned to Kirkby-in-Ashfield, possibly after inheriting land there from his parents, and became a farmer.

Burial: 10 January 1825, in St Wilfred, Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England
Henry Robinson is recorded as aged 69, resident in Kirkby.

Will: dated 1 November 1824, with a codicil dated 4 January 1825
Testator: Henry Robinson of Kirkby, Nottinghamshire, farmer.
Bequeaths drawings, furniture and money to his children Henry, Thomas and Eliza, subject to the life interest of his wife Ann. Devises his real estate and the residue of his personal estate to his son Henry Robinson of Pedlars Acre in Lambeth, timber merchant, Robert Bartram of Buckminster in Leicestershire, grazier, and James Nicholson of Southwell in Nottinghamshire, joiner, in trust to pay the rents and profits to his wife Ann for her life and to allow her the use of the furniture and the occupation of a farm in Kirkby Parks leased from the Duke of Portland.
And after the death of his wife, in trust to sell the real and personal estate and to divide the proceeds equally amongst his daughter Mary Ann (married to Robert Bartram), his son Henry, his son Thomas, his daughter Eliza, and his grand-daughter Elizabeth Andrews (daughter of the testator's late daughter Catherine).
Executors: Henry Robinson, Robert Bartram and James Nicholson.
Codicil (4 Jan. 1825):
Declares that his trustees may sell the real estate during the life of his wife with her consent in writing, and that parts may remain unsold at the trustees' discretion provided that the rents and profits are distributed as specified in the will; orders that should the lands be sold in the lifetime of his wife, the proceeds of the sale are to be invested and the interest and dividends paid to his wife for her life.
Memorandum of probate granted in Prerogative Court of York, on 13 June 1825.


Henry Robinson

Baptism: 27 July 1788, in All Saints, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England
Henry was received into the church on 26 December 1788.

Father: Henry Robinson

Mother: Ann (Carpendale) Robinson

Married: Agnes _____, in December 1823, in Lambeth Church, Lamberth, Surrey

Agnes was of Beckford House, Walworth.

Children: Occupation: Timber Merchant

Henry was in a partnership with Robert William Bartram (probably his nephew) under the style or firm of Robinson and Bartram.

The Building News and Engineering Journal 8 September 1865 p635
THERE are a few strikes which require a short notice. The labourers employed in the metropolitan saw mills have asked for an advance of 6d., and this not having been conceded, about 300 men are out on strike. A general meeting of the men in all the mills has been held, and they pledge themselves to support the movement. The men on strike are principally from the firms of Messrs. Robinson's and Bartram's mills, Belvedere-road, Lambeth, the York-road mills, and the Bermondsey mills.  

The Scientific Review 1 February 1866 p184 
  COMPENSATION.—In the case of Messrs. Robinson and Bartram, whose premises were required under the Holborn Valley Act, and were estimated at a market value of only £6,848 the jury gave £13,000 for value, and £15,000 for damages—the recorder having told them that the damages sustained by the loss of the premises might be taken into account in their assessment. In this case £664 per annum, and £15,000, would be required for premises not more suitable, nor even so much so, as those which Messrs. Robinson and Bartram were obliged to give up. The direction given by the recorder to the jury on this occasion was pronounced by the judges to be perfectly correct. He would not have been justified, however, in directing the jury to give damages to whole amount claimed for reinstatement.

Death: 2 February 1861, at Belvedere road, Lambeth, Surrey, England, aged 72
The Monthly record of births, deaths, & marriages 1861 p180
ROBINSON—Feb 2, at Belvedere road, Lambeth, Henry Robinson, Esq, aged 72

London Gazette 30 November 1866 p6721
PURSUANT to an Order of the High Court of Chancery, made in the matter of the estate of Henry Robinson, and in a cause Robinson against Robinson, the creditors of Henry Robinson, late of Belvedere-road, Lambeth, in the county of Surrey, Timber Merchant, who died in or about the month of February, 1861, are, on or before the 24th day of December, 1866, to send by post, prepaid,to Messrs. Nash, Field, and Layton, of No. 2, Suffolk-lane, Cannon-street, in the city of London, the Solicitors of the defendants, Agnes Robinson, Widow, and Harry Cristall, two of the executors of the deceased, their Christian and surnames, addresses and descriptions, the full particulars of their claims, a statement of their accounts, and the nature of the securities (if any) held by them, or in default thereof they will be peremptorily excluded from the benefit of the said Order. Every creditor holding any security is to produce the same before the Master of the Rolls, at his chambers, situate in the Rolls-yard, Chancery-lane, Middlesex, on Wednesday, the 9th day of January, 1867, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, being the time appointed for adjudicating on the claims.—Dated this 26th day of November, 1866.

Will: Executors of Henry's will were Agnes Robinson, Harry Cristall and Robert William Bartram

London Gazette 9 June 1868 p3271
     The Bankruptcy Act, 1861.
In the Matter of a Deed made between Agnes Robinson, Harry Cristall, and Robert William Bartram, Executors of the Will of Henry Robinson, deceased, late of the Belvidere-road, Lambeth, in the county of Surrey, Timber Merchant, which said Henry Robinson was formerly in partnership with Robert William Bartram, in the business of a Timber Merchant, under the style or firm of Robinson and Bartram, and the said Robert William Bartram, and their Creditors.
THE Trustees of the estate of the above-named debtors hereby give notice that it is their intention, after the 1st day of July, 1868, to declare a Final Dividend on all debts due to the separate creditors of the late Henry Robinson, deceased, which have either already proved, or which may, before the said 1st day of July, 1868, be proved by affidavit or declaration of debt in the form prescribed by the Bankruptcy Law Consolidation Act, 1849, and the Bankruptcy Act, 1861 ; and they further give notice, that such proofs or declarations of debt are to be sent to the under-signed, on behalf of the said trustees, and that all persons who do not on or before the said 1st day of July, 1868, so make proof of their debts, will be excluded from the benefit of the said respective dividends. And all claims heretofore made not then proven will be disallowed.—Dated this 5th day of June, 1868.
      No. 8, Old Jewry, Solicitors to the said Trustees.

Census & Addresses:
1824: Pedlars Acre, Lambeth, Surrey   (University of Nottingham Manuscripts and Special Collections Pl E12/6/18/8/10)
1841: Belvidere Road, Lambeth, Surrey   (University of Nottingham Manuscripts and Special Collections Pl E12/6/18/8/12)
1851: Henry Robinson is aged 62, born in Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire
1861: Belvedere Road, Lambeth, Surrey  (London Gazette 30 November 1866 p6721)


Mary Ann (Robinson) Bartram

Baptism: 18 February 1787, in All Saints, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England
Mary Ann was received into the church on 5 July 1787.

Father: Henry Robinson

Mother: Ann (Carpendale) Robinson

Married: Robert Bartram on 23 June 1806 in in All Saints, Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England
Robert is recorded as resident in Buckminster. Mary Ann is recorded as resident in Winthorpe. The marriage was performed by Thomas Mounsey, curate,witnessed by Henry Robinson, Sarah Carpendale, W.? Horner and John Cox.

Robert was baptised in Buckminster, Leicestershire, on 21 December 1786, the son of Joseph Bartram and Mary Turnill. He was a grazier. Robert died on 29 March 1828, was buried in St John the Baptist, Buckminster, on 1 April 1828. An issue arising from Robert's will made its way to the High Court of Chancery (Reports of cases decided in the High Court of Chancery vol 9 p87). The issue was a somewhat technical one involving a land transaction that was in progress at the time of Robert's death and whether Rober's heirs had good title to the land involved. Of interest is the size of the transaction, which was a land swap of the Osbournly estate of Sir William Manners with lands held by Robert at Buckminster and Sawston in Leicestershire. Robert's properties were worth £500 more than the Osbournly estate (and the payment of the difference was an issue in the transaction) and parts of Robert's estate (including Osbournly was subsequently sold for £12,500. The court ruled that Robert's heirs had good title to Osbournly and that the subsequent sale could proceed.

Children: Sources:

Thomas Robinson

Baptism: 17 January 1796, in Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire, England
Thomas was received into the All Saints church, Winthorpe, on 4 July 1796.

Father: Henry Robinson

Mother: Ann (Carpendale) Robinson

Notes: Thomas is mentioned in the will of his father, dated 1 November 1824.


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