June 1834 in St. Dunstan, Stepney, London, England.
Marriage to the sister of a deceased wife was prohibited by the Marriage Act in 1835,
although marriages that had already taken place (such as that of Samuel
and Ann Serena) were explicitly authorised. The prohibition was lifted
Occupation: Arrowroot merchant.
Ann Serena took over her husbands business, the South Sea Arrowroot
Co., after his death in 1840. the company was evenually passed on to
her son, Henry Martyn Plumbe. the advertisement shown says that "each
packet bears the signature of A. S. Plumbe, 3 Alie Place, Alie street,
Notes: Ann Serena Plumbe became
interested in the plight of the
of the difficulties faced by her son, Andrew Reed Plumbe. She was a
force behind creating the first institution in Britain for the
of the mentally handicapped and what eventually became the Royal
From the publication Now
There is Hope by Freda Knight:
The Royal Earlswood story begins with a
certain Mrs Plumbe who became
increasingly concerned about the plight of these people and sought
from medical men of her acquaintance, including Dr John Connolly of the
Hanwell Asylum, who became famous for the abolition of mechanical
there. She also consulted the Rev Dr Andrew Reed, a well- known
of the day who had already founded several orphanages in the London
He had himself been thinking along the same lines for some time, so Mrs
Plumbe’s approach could be said to have acted as a catalyst. They both
felt that if only some education and training could be offered, the
of these neglected people could be improved.
In the spring of 1847 Andrew Reed set off on a fact-finding mission,
travelling to France, Germany and Switzerland where institutions had
been founded. He came back with much information, and was determined to
tackle the problem in this country.
After careful preparation and advance publicity, a meeting was
at the Kings Head Tavern, Poultry in July 1847, where it was resolved
found an institution for the remedial care and education of the feeble
minded. At a second public meeting at the London Tavern in October of
same year, with the Lord Mayor in the Chair, it was resolved to proceed
with the project "The Asylum for Idiots" and that ‘it should be
begun’. Various famous men such as Lord Palmerston, Baron Rothschild
Lord Ashley became officers of the charity.
By 1848, Park House Highgate had been acquired and 54 boys and
were admitted for training. It was the first institution of its kind in
illustration in Rolls
does not explicitly state that it is of the Plumbe family (Caroline as
mother) but it seems likely to be from the context, and if not is at
indicative of the era.
Caroline (Payne) Plumbe
Birth: 14 July 1794, in Aylesbury,
Baptised: 10 August 1794, in Hale Leys
Notes: In Rolls
a brother Philip and sister Annie are often mentioned, but there is
mention of Martha or, by name, Harold. On p9, the death of a brother
than he (Rolls)" is described, and on p 47, Samuel Rolls is quotes as
of his mother "She has already two little children in heaven; but they
cannot speak of God's mercy as I can when I get there, they died so
young. Should she not rejoice then, that she has trained her first-born
for heaven, and that I am going there to praise and glorify my
My best conclusion is that Harold and Martha, noted by David Morris,
the two siblings who died young (we know that Samuel Rolls was the
born), and that Annie is an additional sister to them.
Birth: Recorded at Hale
Leys Independent Chapel,
parish registers researched by
Notes: I have no evidence that Samuel
is related to the
Ann Serena Payne and Caroline Payne, but since he married the sister of
the man that both of these Payne sisters married, it is likely that
is some connection.
The IGI (Batch 7110411) has an entry for Samuel Payne born on this
listed with a father named Benjamin Harding, and a mother named
Simpson. No further details are offered on these parents, nor is there
any explanation of why their son would be named Samuel Payne.