The Spreat Family

Frank Arthur Spreat

Birth: 9 June 1861, in St James Westminster district, Middlesex, England

Father: John Henry Spreat

Mother: Harriette (Jones) Hulke

Education: Aldenham school, St Bartholomew's Hospital

Married: Edith Backhouse Hulke on 9 July 1890, in Kensington district, London, England

Children:

Occupation: Frank was a doctor and medical officer for the district of Friern Barnet. He was a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons.
Plarr's Lives of the Fellows Online
Born in London on 9 June 1861, the sixth child and fourth son of John Henry Spreat, jeweller, and Harriet Jones, his wife. He was educated at Aldenham School until he entered St Bartholomew's Hospital. He acted for a time as resident medical officer at the Metropolitan Hospital before settling at Finchley, where he practised during the rest of his life. Here he became medical officer of health for Friern Barnet, was medical officer to the Maternity and Child Welfare service at Friern Barnet of the Middlesex County Council, medical officer to the Post Office, and medical officer and public vaccinator to the Barnet 4th district. When the Finchley Memorial Hospital was founded as the Finchley Cottage Hospital he qualified himself to act as surgeon by obtaining the diploma of FRCS, no easy task for a man of forty in a large and prosperous practice. From that time onwards for many years he made a practice of attending one of the large general hospitals on one day in each week, and thus acted at different times as clinical assistant in the outpatient department, nose and throat, and assistant medical officer in the electrical department at St Bartholomew's Hospital, and clinical assistant at the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital, Moorfields.
He married on 9 July 1890 Edith Backhouse Hulke, a member of the Hulke family who have practised at Deal for many generations. She survived him with a son and daughter, a second son having been killed in action during the first world war. He died on 24 April 1934, and Mrs Spreat died at Whetstone, London, N on 23 June 1948. Spreat was a general practitioner of a very high type. Absolutely honest in thought, a loyal friend, and a good counsellor, he watched the neighbourhood where he practised grow from a village to a huge suburb of London. The increasing population led to an increasing number of doctors. His example and precept kept them together, formed them into a family circle, and maintained the high tradition of his own ideals.
Sources used to compile this entry: [Information given by his son, Shirley H Spreat; personal knowledge; Brit med J 1934, 1, 876].

Death: 24 April 1934, in Barnet district, Middlesex, England, aged 72
British Medical Journal 12 May 1934 pp876-7
The death of FRANK A. SPREAT, F.R.C.S., which occurred on April 24th, came as a great shock to his medical colleagues and many friends. Although it was known that he had not been in good health for some time, his death occurred very suddenly. Frank Arthur Spreat, who was 72 years of age, was educated at the Aldenham School and St. Bartholomew's Hospital. Qualifying in 1884, he settled in practice in Friern Barnet very shortly afterwards, and for a good many years was one of the best-known practitioners in North London. Dr. Spreat was a man of most unbounded energy, and performed the somewhat remarkable feat of passing his first and final Fellowship examinations of the Royal College of Surgeons after the age of 40, and also taking his D.P.H. while in general practice. During the greater part of his professional life he made a point of attending one of the teaching hospitals one day a week, and even when he was nearly 60 years of age he still continued to take special courses in clinical work. Dr. Spreat held many public appointments. He was medical officer and public vaccinator for the Friern Barnet district, medical officer for the maternity and child welfare centres under the Middlesex County Council, and he was also medical officer to the Post Office. For many years he was medical officer of health to the Friern Barnet district, during which time he kept himself thoroughly conversant with the ever-increasing public health problems, and was the means of instituting many admirable reforms. For over forty years he was a member of the British Medical Association, in which he had always taken the greatest interest, and he had been chairman of the Finchley Division. Dr. Spreat was greatly respected by all the medical men with whom he came into contact, and his loss will be much felt by his fellow practitioners. He married Miss Edith Hulke, daughter of the late Dr. Hulke of Deal, and she survives him with a son and a daughter. His younger son was lost in the war.
Census & Addresses:
1871: Chorlton upon Medlock, Lancashire
1881: Highbury N P, Islington, Middlesex
1891: The Firs, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex
1901: Clydesdale, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex
1911: Burrington, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex: Frank Arthur Spreat is aged 49, born in London
1934: "Burrington", Oakleigh Avenue, Whetstone, Middlesex   (London Gazette 19 June 1934 p3945)

Sources:

Joyce Hulke Spreat

Birth: 24 September 1892, in Friern Barnet, Middlesex, England

Father: Frank Arthur Spreat

Mother: Edith Backhouse (Hulke) Spreat

Death: 1978, in Elstree & Potters Bar district, Hertfordshire, England

Census & Addresses:
1901: Clydesdale, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex
1911: Burrington, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex: Joyce Hulke Spreat is aged 18, born in Friern Barnet, Middlesex

Sources:

Leicester Hulke Spreat

Birth: August 1897, in Friern Barnet, Middlesex, England

Father: Frank Arthur Spreat

Mother: Edith Backhouse (Hulke) Spreat

Occupation: Officer in the Royal Field Artillery, "A" Battery, 91st Brigade.
Leicester was a gentleman cadet from the Royal Military Academy when he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Regiment of Artillery on 10 May 1916 (London Gazette 9 May 1916 p4560). He was awarded the Military Cross, posthumously, on 25 November 1916.
London Gazette 24 November 1916 p11544
His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to confer the Military Cross on the undermentioned Officers and Warrant Officers in recognition of their gallantry and devotion to duty in the Field:—
...
2nd Lt. Leicester Hulke Spreat, R.F.A.
  For conspicuous gallantry in action. He carried out a daring reconnaissance and obtained most valuable information. Later, he observed under intense fire with great courage and skill. He was severely wounded.

Memorial plaque Leicester Hulke Spreat
Memorial plaque to Leicester Hulke Spreat in All Saints Church, Friern Barnet
Death: 8 October 1916, of wounds received the previous day at Lesboeufs, while observing for his battery during the Battle of the Somme, aged 19 years and 6 weeks.
Extracts from letters of his Commanding Officers:
He was wounded in the front trenches during a battle. He showed great devotion to duty and gallantry both on that occasion and on the day before. When he was wounded he was saving the lives of wounded men by bringing them into the trench from the open. This he did after he had completed his own duty.
The day before he was wounded Lieut. Spreat voluntarily did a very useful, accurate and very gallant reconnaissance of the enemy wire.


Grove Town Cemetery, Meaulte
Grove Town cemetery, Meaulte, Somme, France, where Leicester Hulke Spreat is buried
Buried: Grove Town cemetery, Méaulte, Somme, France. Grave reference I. J. 26

A memorial plaque to Leicester Hulke Spreat is located in All Saints Church, 122 Oakleigh Road North, London.

Census & Addresses:
1901: Clydesdale, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex
1911: Burrington, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex: Leicester Hulke Spreat, son, is aged 13, born in Friern Barnet, Middlesex

Sources:

Shirley Hulke Spreat

Shirley Hulke Spreat
Second Lieutenant Shirley Hulke Spreat
Birth: 18 March 1894, at "Clydesdale", Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex, England

Father: Frank Arthur Spreat

Mother: Edith Backhouse (Hulke) Spreat

Education: Merchant Taylors' School
Merchant Taylors' School Register, 1851-1920 p373 (1923)
Spreat, Shirley Hulke, b. 18 March, 1894, s. of Frank A. (Surg.) and Edith B., Whetstone. Left 1910. European War: Capt. Worc. Regt. att. Tank Corps; wounded—S. H. Spreat, Esq., Marshmede, Uphill Rd., Mill Hill, Midd'x

Married: Laura Gwendoline Allom on 7 March 1918, in Barnet, London, England

Laura was born on 12 August 1898 in Willesden, Middlesex, the daughter of Sir Charles Carrick Allom and Laura Ann Tatham. She died on 24 August 1984, in Hillingdon district, Greater London.
Census & Addresses:
1901: 35 Mowbray Road, Willesden, Middlesex
1911: Fairlawn, Totteridge, Hertfordshire: Laura Gwendoline Allom, daughter, is aged 12, born in Willesden, Middlesex
1966: 2 Oak Court, Green Lane, Northwood, Greater London   (Tatham family history citing telephone directory)

Officers of the Worcestershire Regiment
Officers of the Worcestershire Regiment
Lieutenant Shirley Hulke Spreat is middle row, third from left
Occupation: Army soldier and officer, reaching the rank of captain. Later, director of an aircraft company.

At the start of the 1st World War, Shirley was a private in the Honourable Artillery Company, landing in France with the H.A.C. on the 18th September 1914. In 1915 he returned to the UK and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 7th Battalion, the Worcester Regiment, on 18 April 1915 (London Gazette 16 April 1915 p3812). He embarked with the 2/7th Battalion from Southampton on the SS Cesarea and reached Havre, France on the 25th May 1915. After a night in rest camp at Havre they were moved by train to Berguette, and marched to billets in Vieille Chappelle. The battalion marched to the line on 1 June and attached to battalions of the 104th Brigade at Richebourg St. Vaast where they were trained in trench warfare. The 2/7th Worcestershire were in support at Pont du Hem, then took over the trenches facing the Bois du Biez, holding them until June 21st before marching back to billets at La Gorgue. Shirley was promoted to temporary lieutenant on 15 September 1915 (London Gazette 18 January 1916 p744). Shirley was seconded to the Machine Gun Corps on 17 May 1917 (London Gazette 1 June 1917 p5507) and appointed acting captain on 26 May 1917 (London Gazette 26 June 1917 p6364). He was made temporary lieutenant on 1 June 1917 (London Gazette 10 July 1917 p6980), then on 21 June 1917 he was promoted to lieutenant, with precedence from 15 December 1916 (London Gazette 19 June 1917 p6151). Shirley became part of the Tank Corps, which was formed from a section of the Machine Gun Corps in July 1917, and was wounded in late 1917 (Worcester Herald 8 December 1917 "Capt S. H. Spreat attd Tank Corps - Wounded"). From 24 January 1918 to 26 September Shirley was second in command of a company retaining the acting rank of captain. During this time he wrote a letter to the parents of one of his men who had been killed in action.
Who Do You Think You Are? January 2009 p7
Dear Mr Lakeman,
I am writing to tell you about the death of your son, I am the second in command of his company.
  We were trekking by night and your son was leading his tank and tripped over some barbed wire, his fall was unseen by his driver who missed him a second or so after, during this time the tank had passed over the body of your son, they were travelling fast at the time and Lakeman could have known very little of anything of what was happening. He was killed instantly. I was present at his burial next day, he was buried by Capt W K Roberts, the Padre attached to HQ 5th Tank Brigade. His grave is in St Pierre Cemetery, Amiens Map reference 62D G.32 d5.8 Row D, Plot 14 Grave No 1. I and his brother officers want to express our sympathy in our loss as well as yours. I shall be only too pleased to answer any enquiries you would like.
Yours sincerely
Shirley H Spreat

Shirley was promoted to temporary captain on 19 October 1918 (London Gazette 7 February 1919 p2061). He relinquished the temporary rank of captain on ceasing to be employed by the Tank Corps on 12 February 1921 (London Gazette 11 February 1921 p1251) and was restored to the 7th Battalion of the Worcester Regiment (London Gazette 11 February 1921 p1263) and on 1 March 1921, Shirley resigned his commission and was granted the rank of captain (London Gazette 25 February 1921 p1688).

In 1938, Shirley was named a director of the newly formed White Allom Aircraft Ltd, a private company formed "to carry on the business of manufacturers and repairers of and dealers in aircraft and motor vehicles or boats of all kinds, etc" (Flight 11 August 1938 p134). The company was a subsidiary of White Allom Ltd, a well known firm of decorators and furnishers founded by Shirley's father-in-law, Sir Charles Carrick Allom, who also founded the Gosport Aircraft Company in 1914.
Flight 11 August 1938 p123
One of the directors of [White Allom Aircraft], Capt. S. Spreat, was associated during the war with Mr. M. H. Volk (now of Brighton-Hove-Shoreham Airport fame) in the building of flying boats. Mr. Volk has been invited to join the board of the new company as technical director in an advisory capacity. There is a large and well-equipped factory, and Mr. Volk states that they are now ready to consider aviation propositions requiring development.

White Allom Aircraft was wound up voluntarily on 24 March 1948 (London Gazette 16 April 1948 p2424)

Death: 12 September 1959, at "Larches", 18 North Approach, Moor Park, Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire, England, aged 65
The Times 17 September 1959
On September 12, 1959, at his home, suddenly, Shirley Hulke Spreat, Freeman of the City of London, loving and dearly loved husband of Gwen. Cremation private. No flowers and, please, no letters.

Shirley died at the same date and place as his 33 year old son, Martin. Martin's death notice in The Times 17 September 1959 contains the additional information that his death was the result of a shooting accident.
The Times 17 September 1959
On September 12, 1959, at his home, as a result of a shooting accident, Martin Leicester, very dearly loved second son of Mr. and Mrs. Shirley Hulke Spreat. Cremation private. No flowers and, please, no letters.

Probate: granted 15 October 1959
Spreat Shirley Hulke of Larches North Approach Moor Park near Northwood Middlesex died 12 September 1959 Probate London 15 October to Shirley Carrock Allom Spreat civil servant John Cedric Spreat of no occupation and Laura Gwendoline Spreat widow. Effects £72501 3s. 11d.

Census & Addresses:
1901: Clydesdale, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex
1911: Burrington, Oakleigh Park, Friern Barnet, Middlesex: Shirley Hulke Spreat, son, is aged 17, born in Friern Barnet, Middlesex

Sources:
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